Neurofeedback: an effective placebo treatment?

Dr. Amir Raz argues that, although neurofeedback seems to work, the therapeutic benefits from it largely stem from placebo effects rather than the brain-based mechanisms that practitioners suggest.

Relevant papers:

Thibault, R. T., Veissière, S., Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. (2018). EEG-Neurofeedback and the Correction of Misleading Information: A Reply to Pigott and Colleagues. Journal of attention disorders, 1, 2. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718808379

Thibault, R. T., MacPherson, A., Lifshitz, M., Roth, R. R., & Raz, A. (2018). Neurofeedback with fMRI: A critical systematic review. Neuroimage, 172, 786-807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.12.071

Thibault, R. T., Veissière, S., Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. (2018). Treating ADHD with suggestion: neurofeedback and placebo therapeutics.  Journal of Attention Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718770012

Thibault, R. T., Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2018). The climate of neurofeedback: scientific rigour and the perils of ideology. Brain, 141(2), e11-e11. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awx330

Thibault, R. T., & Raz, A. (2017). The psychology of neurofeedback: Clinical intervention even if applied placebo. American Psychologist, 72(7), 679. https://10.1037/amp0000118

Thibault, R. T., Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2017). Neurofeedback or neuroplacebo?. Brain, 140(4), 862-864. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awx033

Thibault, R. T., & Raz, A. (2016). Neurofeedback: The power of psychosocial therapeutics. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3(11), e18. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30326-1

Thibault, R. T., & Raz, A. (2016). When can neurofeedback join the clinical armamentarium. Lancet, 3(6). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30040-2

Thibault, R. T., Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2016). The self-regulating brain and neurofeedback: experimental science and clinical promise. cortex, 74, 247-261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2015.10.024

Thibault, R. T., Lifshitz, M., Birbaumer, N., & Raz, A. (2015). Neurofeedback, self-regulation, and brain imaging: clinical science and fad in the service of mental disorders. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics, 84(4), 193-207. https://doi.org/10.1159/000371714